Marahoué National Park

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West Africa > Ivory Coast > Marahoué National Park




  • Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) are now extirpated in this area
  • 0 sign/km in 2012
  • locally extinct
  • 101.000 ha
  • multiple habitats sheltering endangered species such as forest elephant, hippopotamus, Diana monkey and red colobus


Marahoué National Park
Marahoué National Park

Marahoué National Park (IUCN category:II) was established in 1968. It covers an area of 101.000 ha and is located in the south-central parts of Côte d´Ivoire in the Bouafle region near Lake Kossou 275 km (170 miles) northwest of Abidjan (6°0'W 7°5'N). The Park contains two different ecological zones: close forest in the south-west and savannah in the north-eastern part. Marahoué National Park is one of the least preserved park of Côte d’Ivoire (Denis 2015). It is managed by the Office Ivoirien des Parcs et Réserves (OIPR).

Table 1: Basic site information for Marahoue National Park

Area: 101.000 ha
Designation: National park
Habitat types: Tropical Moist Lowland and Moist Savannah

IUCN habitat categories Site designations

Ape status

The chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) population in Marahoué National Park was first estimated at 1407 individuals by Marchesi et al. (1995). Due to the relatively small sample size (number of transects) of this survey, this estimate should be regarded as a guess rather than an estimate of abundance. In 2007, a survey that covered 167.5 km of systematically located transects across the entire park yielded a conservative population estimate of fewer than 50 individuals (N´Goran et al. 2007). In 2012, a quick survey done by WCF in collaboration with Afrique Nature found no sign of chimpanzees.

Table 2: Great ape population estimates in Marahoue National Park

Species Year Abundance estimate (95% Confidence Intervall) Density estimate (per km2) Encounter rate Area Method Source Comments A.P.E.S. database ID
Western chimpanzee 2012 none none 0 entire line transect WCF annual report 2012
Western chimpanzee 2007 < 50 0.03 entire line transects Biomonitoring Program (WCF)
Western chimpanzee 2006 < 50 entire line transects Biomonitoring Program (WCF)


Poaching of chimpanzees, cocoa plantations and logging and population inside the park are the cause of chimpanzees local extinction (Struhsaker and Bakarr 1999; Denis 2015). In addition, Marahoué National Park seems to have have lost 93% of its forest cover between 2002 and 2008, which may be directly linked to the civil unrest prevailing in the country since 2002 (Campbell et al. 2008). Agricultural encroachment (using fire to clear land) and illegal logging have resulted in the observed large-scale degradation of forest habitats in the country.

Table 3: Threats to great apes in Marahoué National Park

Category Specific threats Threat level Description Year of threat
1. Residential & commercial development absent
2. Agriculture & aquaculture subsistence agriculture high huge development of cocoa plantation inside the park 2006
3. Energy production & mining absent
4. Transportation & service corridors absent
5. Biological resource use poaching and logging high 2006
6. Human intrusion & disturbance high permanent presence of local population 2006
7. Natural system modifications absent
8. Invasive & other problematic species, genes, diseases absent
9. Pollution absent
10. Geological Events absent
11. Climate change & severe weather absent

Threats list

Conservation activities


  • Denis, G. (2015) LE PARC NATIONAL DE LA MARAHOUE : DE LA LOGIQUE DE CONSERVATION A LA LOGIQUE DE PREDATION. European Scientific Journal March 2015 edition vol.11, No.8 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431
  • Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., N´Goran, K.P. and Boesch, C.(2008). Alarming decline of West African chimpanzees in Côte d´Ivoire. Current Biology, 18(19).
  • Marchesi, P., Marchesi,N., Fruth, B. and Boesch, C. (1995). Census and Distribution in Côte D´Ivoire. Primates, 36(4): 591-607.
  • N’Goran, K.P., Herbinger, I., Boesch, C. (2007). Résultats de la première phase du biomonitoring au Parc National de Marahoué (mai 2006 – décembre 2006). Unpubl. Rapport WCF/OIPR.
  • N’Goran, K.P., Herbinger, I., Boesch, C. (2008). Résultats importants des activités de biomonitoring au Parc National de la Marahoué (mai 2007 – novembre 2007). Unpubl. Rapport WCF/OIPR.
  • UICN/BRAO (2008). Evaluation de léfficacité de la gestion des aires protégées: parcs et réserves de Côte d´Ivoire.
  • Barnes, R. (1997). A brief visit to Marahoue National Park. Unpuplished report. Conservation International.
  • Struhsaker, T.T. and Bakarr, M.I. (1999). A rapid survey of primates and other large mammals in Marahoue National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Pages 49-52 in Une Evaluation Biologique du Parc National de la Marahoué Park, Côte dÍvoire. Editors: Schulenberg, T.S., Short, C.A. and Stephenson, P.J., Conservation International.

Page completed by: A.P.E.S. Wiki team Date: 04/12/2018

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