Comoé National Park

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West Africa > Ivory Coast > Comoé National Park



Species Pop. Size Trend Data Quality


Comoé National Park
Comoé National Park

Comoé National Park (CNP, IUCN category: II) was established in 1968 and became Natural World Heritage Site in 1983 (criteria ii, It was listed as “World Heritage in Danger” in 2003, because of fires, poaching, overgrazing and collapse of management owing to civil conflict. The Park, with a total area of 11.500km², is located in the far northeast of the country, south of the border with Burkino Faso and between the towns of Bouna and Kong - 350-450 km north of Abidjan (8°32'-9°32'N,3°01'-4°24'W). It is managed by the Office Ivoirien des Parcs et Réserves (OIPR).

Ape status

Marchesi et al. (1995) estimated chimpanzees in this park to number 470 individuals, which would represent the largest population of chimpanzees in the Soudanian Belt in Côte d’Ivoire. More recently, Fischer and Gross (1999) confirmed the presence of chimpanzees in the area. Since then, however, no studies have been conducted to update these estimates.

No recent estimate of chimpanzee density is available to date. However, it has been argued that chimpanzees occur only in the gallery forests and the larger island forests close to the river. Their range is probably restricted to the south of the park since forest vegetation structures in the north are rare. It is believed that chimpanzees still occur in relatively high densities in and around Comoé National Park (Campbell, G. 2008, N´Goran, pers.comm.). Information on chimpanzee abundance in Comoé National Park is currently being collected by the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (WCF).

Year Estimated Number of Individuals Source Comments
2009 results expected ..
2008 evidence for presence Campbell et al. 2008 ..
2007 no evidence for presence WCF (2008) ..
2006 .. .. ..

Table 1: Chimpanzee population estimates in Comoé NP


Hunting for bushmeat trade is the major threat to chimpanzees at Comoé NP, cause it contributes more to the national economy of the country than commercial logging.

Major Threats Comoé NP
Poaching yes
Disease no
Agriculture no
Logging yes
Mining no

Table 2: Threats to chimpanzee in Comoé NP

Conservation activities

The Park comprises one of the largest protected areas in West Africa. A management plan has been produced with the help of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF, and the European Union (EU).

A rehabilitation project for the forest sector was funded by the World Bank in order to help with the management of protected areas. The present unrest in Côte d'Ivoire has a negative effect on this site, in addition to poaching of wildlife and fires caused by poachers, over-grazing by large cattle herds and the absence of effective management.

Conservation actions Comoé NP
Law enforcement yes
Long-term research yes
Permanent Monitoring Program yes
Education yes
Public awareness campaign yes
Ecotourism yes

Table 3: Conservation activities in Comoé NP


The latest survey in June 2008 conducted by the WCF with helicopters and ground teams found no evidence of chimpanzee presence (Campbell et al. 2008). New surveys are planned because of the ambiguous total abundance. A continiously biomonitoring program is going on till 2011.


  • Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., N´Goran, K.P. and Boesch, C.(2008). Alarming decline of West African chimpanzees in Côte d´Ivoire. Current Biology, 18(19).
  • Marchesi, P., Marchesi,N., Fruth, B. and Boesch, C. (1995). Census and Distribution in Côte D´Ivoire. Primates, 36(4): 591-607.
  • UICN/BRAO (2008). Evaluation de léfficacité de la gestion des aires protégées: parcs et réserves de Côte d´Ivoire.
  • WCF (2008). Evaluation rapide de lÉtat du Parc National de la Comoé: les grands mammifereses et les activites illegales humanaines.
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